This paper aims to elaborate a framework which provides a conceptual frame for approaches that address enterprise promotion, rural-urban linkages and economic development in rural areas. Four clusters are outlined which form the backbone of a framework for fostering Rural Economic and Enterprise Development. Although initially conceived as an approach focusing on rural areas, the framework may be refined to focus more broadly on rural-urban and local economic development. The framework is still evolving and offers potential insights for local economic development; it needs deepening but has the potential to be used locally and spatially to identify rural-urban drivers of change and growth. The framework for fostering Rural Economic and Enterprise Development (REED) which is based on the analysis of successes and experiences of programmes and projects by an international group of practitioners from different professional backgrounds and countries is an example of a more holistic and spatial approach to local, rural and urban development. The framework, which tries to address the shortcomings of the traditional rural-urban dichotomy, is comprised of ten cornerstones for successful intervention, covering the policy and institutional dimension, access to infrastructure, services and markets, entrepreneurial competence and stakeholder links.
Davis, J., Using the Rural Economic and Enterprise Development (REED) framework for analysis and joint action: implications for spatial development, presented at the International Conference on Local Development. World Bank, Washington 16 - 18 June, 2004. Session on "Bringing Rural and Urban Together for Local Development." Chatham, UK, Natural Resources Institute, 35 pp. [Also published as Working Paper 1 of the REED project].