This paper aims to:
(i) summarise current knowledge on poor urban livelihoods and energy;
(ii) review current approaches to energy services for the urban poor;
(iii) review the existing evidence on the impacts of commercialisation and privatisation in the energy sector on urban poor peoples' access to energy services and the sustainability of their livelihoods;
and (iv) map the impacts of fuel price increases on sustainable livelihoods of poor urban households.
The paper is based on a review of the literature (journals, newsletters, project reports and internet sites) related specifically to urban livelihoods and energy.