Urban organic wastes are an important component of urban and peri-urban agriculture in Southern countries. These wastes include the organic portion of municipal waste (mainly street sweepings and household garbage), livestock manure and wastewater, and are sold via informal markets. The operation of organic waste markets, and their contribution to solid waste management, is not widely documented. As well as making a positive contribution to agriculture, the sale of organic wastes reduces the amount of waste to be collected and disposed of by municipal authorities. The case study of Hubli–Dharwad, India, illustrates how these markets operate and identifies a number of issues which threaten their future. These include the increasing role of the private sector in the collection and disposal of solid waste and moves to evict livestock from large urban areas. Policy measures to support the use of urban organic wastes are suggested.
Nunan, F. 2000. Urban organic waste markets: Responding to change in Hubli-Dharwad, India. Habitat International, 24 (3): 347-360. [doi:10.1016/S0197-3975(00)00002-3]