This article proposes two alternative yet interrelated definitions of security, which jointly encapsulate its dual and contested nature. These definitions were constructed to guide a literature search designed to uncover evidence of how security looks 'from below' or 'in the vernacular', through the eyes of 'end-users' of security arrangements, and how it is determined in the power laden and multi-levelled contexts of contemporary violent conflicts.
Luckham, R.; Kirk, T. Understanding security in the vernacular in hybrid political contexts: a critical survey. Conflict, Security and Development (2013) 13 (3) 339-359. [DOI: 10.1080/14678802.2013.811053]