In order to explain chronic poverty and determine how best to interrupt
it, a clear and coherent conceptual framework is necessary. The
framework presented in this paper has been developed based on work
undertaken both by the Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC) during its
first two phases (2000-2005) and by others, and is intended to inform
CPRC's ongoing research and policy analysis in Phase III (2005-2010).
The framework has three levels. The first is a statement of the problem
'chronic poverty' (Section 2). The second is an elaboration of how we
are looking at this problem through the lenses of poverty dynamics and
intergenerational transmission (Sections 2 and 3). The third level
proposes concepts which are most useful in understanding and explaining
chronic poverty, poverty dynamics and intergenerational transmission
(Section 4). In particular this suggests that there is an
inter-disciplinary meeting point between concepts of 'poverty traps'
and 'adverse incorporation', and suggests that the cutting edge of
research on chronic poverty lies in the interaction of asset dynamics
and changing social relations. Key components of the context are
explored in Section 5. One of these - the performance of the state, and
in particular the under-performance of 'fragile states' or chronically
deprived countries - is the subject of Section 6, which suggests both
that research on chronic poverty has something to say to the 'fragile
states' discourse, and that dealing with chronic poverty may be an
important task in 'fragile states'. Section 7 concludes with a
reflection on how this paper changes the way we see chronic poverty.
The current working paper provides an overview of the entire framework.
Elements of the framework are elaborated upon in a set of companion
Understanding and explaining chronic poverty. An evolving framework for Phase III of CPRC’s research, CPRC Working Paper No. 80, Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), Manchester, UK, ISBN: 1-904049-79-6, iv + 37 pp.
Understanding and explaining chronic poverty. An evolving framework for Phase III of CPRC’s research. CPRC Working Paper No. 80.