This paper draws on a study of changing household economies in 11 villages across four provinces in Afghanistan since 2002. It analyses the significance of regional contexts and their long histories, pointing to differences between the more egalitarian subsistence societies of the mountains and the rich but socially unequal agricultural surplus societies of the plains. It locates the four study provinces—Badakhshan, Sar-i-Pul, Faryab and Kandahar—within these regional histories and points to their distinctive social orders.
Pain, A.; Kantor, P. Understanding and addressing context in rural Afghanistan : how villages differ and why. Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) (2010)