This review focuses on technology for food crop production in low and lower middle income countries) and the productivity gains farmers achieve when adopting them. It is also concerned with other impacts, positive and negative, that may accrue, for example with respect to health, food security or environmental services. Both individually and collectively managed technologies are considered.
It has 2 main objectives:
- Providing policy makers and practitioners a more realistic understanding of the outcomes that can be expected from technological change as well as of the opportunities to shape the innovation environment so as to favour a productive agriculture supporting broad-based livelihoods;
- Informing the academic community on key gaps in evidence and on the evolution of theory and its drivers in this field.
The authors consider why the quality of evidence in this area is so poor and why the demand for it appears to be so ineffectively expressed.
There is a protocol for this systematic review
Loevinsohn, M.; Sumberg, J.; Diagne, A.; Whitfield, S. Under what circumstances and conditions does adoption of technology result in increased agricultural productivity? A systematic review. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK (2013) vi + 31 pp.