Tungurahua: An alternative means of economic development.
This research project draws on a previous study into Ecuadorian territorial economic dynamics which identified areas where there was evidence of socially inclusive economic growth. The study endeavoured to identify appropriate areas to select as case studies during the second phase of the research. Accordingly, the study analysed poverty, social inequality and local economic growth in Ecuador between 1990-1995 and 2001-2006. This was based on district social maps, drawn up with the aim of identifying territorial dynamics on a micro-regional scale. The research focused on three social variables, applied at district level: incidence of poverty and indigence; social inequality, as measured by the Gini coefficient; and family consumption per individual. Districts are the smallest administrative divisions in the country. In 1995 there were 995 districts in Ecuador with the exception of towns, where a municipal scale is applied. The province of Tungurahua was selected to serve as a case study of those areas which have experienced economic development alongside partially inclusive social dynamics.
Discussion Paper Series, Research Programme Consortium for Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth, Manchester, UK, No. 44, 67 pp.