The objectives of this retrospective cohort study were to report treatment outcomes and identify factors associated with treatment failure among all retreatment tuberculosis (TB) patients registered in the public-private mix DOTS programme of Populations Services International–Myanmar over 6 years. Among 3643 retreatment patients, 2657 (73%) were successfully treated and 309 (8.5%) failed. This study shows that retreatment patients who have failed treatment for their first TB episode are almost twice as likely to fail a second time (13.5%). We have identified some key programmatic challenges associated with retreatment TB in the private sector, and steps are being taken to address this issue.
Win, A. N.; Edginton, M. E.; Hinderaker, S. G.; Minn, N. N.; Linn, A. K. Tuberculosis treatment outcomes among retreatment patients registered by private practitioners in Myanmar. Public Health Action (2012) 2 (3)