Karamoja is a dryland sub-region in north-east Uganda. Having suffered
historical injustices, it now faces many difficulties, including civil
and administrative challenges. Karamoja performs poorly on development
indicators compared to other parts of Uganda: 82% of its population
lives under the poverty line. Its infrastructure is underdeveloped, and
the sub-region is troubled by climate variability and climate change.
Drought and shifts in weather result in low agricultural productivity
and declining rural production systems. Floods and droughts have had a
particularly detrimental effect.
Moreover, Karamoja faces increasing environmental degradation, further
threatening crop and livestock production. Trees are at the heart of
Karamoja’s ecology, providing livelihoods and nutrition for livestock
and people when all else fails; trees also provide Karamoja with
fundamental ecosystem services. Thus there is a need for evidence about
the role that trees play in Karamoja. This document looks at trees in
watershed management in the sub-region. Efficient water management may
provide a large part of the solution to the current poor livelihood
prospects in Karamoja.
This report has been produced by the World Agroforestry Centre for
Evidence on Demand with the assistance of the UK Department for
International Development (DFID) contracted through the Climate,
Environment, Infrastructure and Livelihoods Professional Evidence and
Applied Knowledge Services (CEIL PEAKS) programme, jointly managed by
DAI (which incorporates HTSPE Limited) and IMC Worldwide Limited.
Mbogga, M.; Malesu, M.; de Leeuw, J. Trees and watershed management in Karamoja, Uganda. Evidence on Demand, UK (2014) iv + 25 pp. [DOI: 10.12774/eod_hd.december2014.mboggametal]