Which particular lessons can be drawn from transitional justice (judicial and non-judicial measures implemented in order to redress legacies of human rights abuses) in the Arab world and might be useful for the conflict in Syria? What is the impact of the sectarian nature of a conflict for transitional justice? What are the opportunities and limitations of an international actor and donor, such as the EU in transitional justice? Which elements of transitional justice pose a concrete risk to the post-conflict stabilization process and how can this be avoided?
Literature on transitional justice (TJ) experiences in the Arab world is limited, but there is some emerging analysis. This report highlights factors common in the region that have implications for TJ processes, and also identifies from the literature some key lessons from TJ experiences in the Arab world. There are also lessons on the opportunities and limitations of international actors in TJ. International actors can provide financial, logistical and technical support, but challenges include the distrust of international motives.
Carter, B. Transitional justice lessons for Syria (GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report 992). Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2014) 44 pp.