This is one of 280 summaries describing key outputs from the projects
run by DFID's 10-year Renewable Natural Resources Research Strategy
Summary for Project titles: R6743: The Development and Testing of
Transgenic Cultivars of Banana Resistant to Nematodes and R8031: Genetic
transformation of rice, potato and cooking bananas for nematode
A safe transgenic banana could prevent nematodes (worms) destroying
around 6 million tonnes of bananas a year. This is enough to feed the 60
million people in Uganda, Rwanda, Ghana, Nigeria and Cameroon for whom
banana is a staple food. Because bananas are sterile, it's very hard to
breed resistance to nematodes by conventional plant breeding methods.
And the chemicals that are used to control nematodes are harmful both to
humans and the environment. The gene introduced into East Highland
African Bananas stops the nematodes growing and laying eggs, but does
not affect humans at all. This technology is already being used in the
UK, and also in Uganda on local cooking bananas. The transgenic method
is also being applied to develop nematode-resistant potatoes and rice.
The CD has the following information for this output: Description,
Validation, Current Situation, Current Promotion, Impacts On Poverty,
Environmental Impact. Attached PDF (13 pp.) taken from the CD.
PSP20, New technologies, new processes, new policies: tried-and-tested and ready-to-use results from DFID-funded research, Research Into Use Programme, Aylesford, Kent, UK, ISBN 978-0-9552595-6-2, p 23.