The background and objectives, research findings, and policy
recommendations of the project are presented. As with many sub-Saharan
African (SSA) countries, East African countries (Kenya, Tanzania and
Uganda) have significantly reduced tariffs and trade policy restrictions
on imports since the 1980s. These countries have followed the policy of
trade liberalisation but have not experienced, to any sustained degree,
the expected increase in exports.
There are a number of reasons why exports may not increase following
liberalisation, notably the constraints on production (especially in the
primary sector), or export supply response, which are pervasive in these
countries. African countries are known to face particularly high
transport costs, largely due to poor infrastructure and institutional
inefficiencies. The research aims to quantify the importance of
transport costs in East Africa, and to assess the extent to which this
explains poor export performance.
Trade Policy and Transport Costs: How EU aid can promote export growth in East Africa, Emerging Markets Group (EMG) Ltd, London, UK, 2 pp.
Trade Policy and Transport Costs in East Africa: how EU aid can promote export growth in East Africa