The purpose of this Topic Guide is give DFID advisers and programme
managers sufficient awareness and understanding of current key issues
relating to the planning and financing for effective maintenance of
Section 1 highlights the importance of well-maintained infrastructure
for economic growth, social development and poverty reduction. It
introduces the notion of an ‘infrastructure gap’ between the demand and
supply of adequate infrastructure.
Section 2 provides two very important lessons. First, maintenance
professionals have an important role to play in making politicians and
the general public aware of the scale of the problem of under-funded
infrastructure, in particular maintenance. Second, a lack of adequate
infrastructure planning and lack of adequate maintenance means
significant portions of national infrastructure stocks need replacing at
the same time.
Section 3 introduces current themes in infrastructure policy. These
themes cut across all infrastructure sectors and include: the
interdependence of infrastructures, the identification of critical
infrastructures, the need for effective asset management, climate change
and the increasing role of the private sector.
Section 4 makes the case that there is insufficient legislation that
directly refers to, or supports, maintenance.
Strategic planning takes policies and commences the process of turning
statements of intent into action, as outlined in Section 5. There are
some major differences between strategic planning in the private and
public sectors. Appendix A discusses the lack of a driver that would
increase the effectiveness of public sector maintenance organisations.
Section 6 addresses the question of why so little money is available for
maintenance in comparison to new capital works. It provides suggestions
on sources for additional maintenance funding. It also points out that
simply providing more money for maintenance will not address the
maintenance problem. There is a shortage of suitably trained
professionals in all areas of maintenance management, from planning and
design, through to costing, procurement, contracting and works
management. Appendix B provides first-order estimates of the amount of
money required for optimum levels of infrastructure maintenance for each
Section 7 identifies the main features of maintenance management and
briefly discusses each item, including: the maintenance organisation
(see also Appendix C), maintenance standards, maintenance planning,
maintenance costing, maintenance management information systems and risk
Section 8 considers modes of contract. Each type of contract apportions
risk between the client and contractor to a different extent.
Sections 9 and 10 provide key messages to DFID advisers and suggestions
for further research.
A related Topic Guide is: Infrastructure: Rapid Evidence Reviews.
Evidence on Demand, UK (2012) 248 pp. [DOI:
This Topic Guide has been produced by Evidence on Demand with the
assistance of the UK Department for International Development (DFID)
contracted through the Climate, Environment, Infrastructure and
Livelihoods Professional Evidence and Applied Knowledge Services (CEIL
PEAKS) programme, jointly managed by DAI (which incorporates HTSPE
Limited) and IMC Worldwide Limited.
Cox, J. Topic Guide: Planning and financing of the effective maintenance of infrastructure. Evidence on Demand, UK (2015) vii + 68 pp. [DOI: 10.12774/eod_tg.june2015.coxj]