The mining sector in Malawi is very small and contributes only 3 per
cent to GDP. Several mineral deposits exist in Malawi which can be mined
on a small scale. The Malawi Government has embarked on an economic
empowerment programme aimed at promoting and supporting small-scale
mining in areas of import substitution and value-adding services. These
programmes include gemstone cutting and polishing. Gemstone mining in
Malawi, the problems associated with mining (environmental degradation,
seasonality of mining operations, low prices for gemstones, lack of
grading and processing capacity, and conflict between miners and
villagers), and legislation, are described.
This resource was produced by TI-UP – a DFID-funded resource centre for
technology, infrastructure and urban planning, managed by IMC Worldwide
Paling, S. TI-UP Enquiry: the gemstone sector in Malawi. TI-UP Resource Centre, London, UK (2007) 6 pp.