Before resources are allocated to increasing public transport provision in areas inhabited by the urban poor, it is necessary to discover what improvements need to be made to the network. This can be achieved by undertaking surveys of residents on travel demand using a questionnaire to obtain data on frequency and mode of travel, problems incurred when
making journeys, etc. In addition, it is also necessary to obtain background information on the area studied and the culture of the society being examined, as these factors can have a major influence on travel behaviour.
As part of an Overseas Development Administration funded Technology Development and Research (TDR) programme, the Transport Research Laboratory is undertaking studies of urban travel behaviour in three developing country cities: Accra in Ghana, Medellin in
Columbia and Pune in India. The low income groups of Pune have access to a wide range of public transport services as well as traffic lanes dedicated to cycles should they own and operate one.
The aim of the research is to discover which factors influence travel demand in low income households. In addition, particular emphasis has been placed on understanding the travel behaviour of women, as women are often more disadvantaged than men in terms of access to transport services and infrastructure. The results of the research will provide policy makers
with an improved understanding of travel constraints, and will therefore enable them to formulate better transport developmental projects which will in turn, provide improved accessibility to the transport network for low income households (and particularly women) in developing countries.
National Conference on Women’s Travel Issues, 23 to 26 October 1996, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. TRL - Crowthorne, UK. pp. 38
The urban travel behaviour of low income households and females in Pune, India. (Doc. no. PA3206/96).