Statements about the Ugandan HIV 'success story' are common, with some authors calling on other nations to copy what has been done there. Few such calls, however, investigate the complex realities of the Ugandan situation. Statements on the Ugandan HIV situation and success story were obtained from a number of sources, including international journals, news media, and internal Ugandan policy documents. The existing epidemiological situation in the country was assessed by reviewing existing evidence from both the Government of Uganda and non-government research programmes. Reviewing the entirety of Ugandan evidence indicates that many of the common statements of Ugandan success are built on misinterpretations.
The Lancet, 360, 78-80 pp. [doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)09340-6]