This summary report is drawn from findings of focus group discussions and in-depth interviews. The study complemented results obtained from the quantitative analysis of the correlates of perception of risk and sexual behaviour using the 1998 Kenyan Demographic and Health Survey data. The report describes briefly the data sources. It then describes the study communities, outlining social, cultural and economic differences between them. The report goes on to examine evidence for the success of AIDS prevention strategies: What do people know about HIV and how to avoid it? How do people learn about AIDS and sex in their communities? The community norms, beliefs, practices and discourses surrounding sexual behaviour and perception of AIDS risk are then described. The report looks at the challenges people face in instituting preventive measures. The implications of the social context of perception of risk and sexual behaviour on AIDS messages and behaviour change are summarised.
The Social Context of Perception of Aids Risk and Sexual Behaviour in Kenya, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK, 79 pp..