Public sector decentralisation has become a worldwide phenomenon. In
recent decades, many countries have decentralised functions, typically
with a combination of stated intention(s), such as to improve service
delivery, enhance governance and accountability, increase equity in
service and development outcomes, and/or promote a more stable state.
Reform in a particular country reflects its context and the relative
priority of desired objectives.
The main task of this review was to consider what existing literature
has to say about how decentralisation affects development outcomes such
as poverty reduction, peace and political stability, fiscal
improvements, participation, inclusion, voice, transparency,
accountability, and service delivery.
Section 1 introduces the study. Sections 2 and 3 respectively outline
the approach and methodology, and frame the review in the context of the
broad decentralisation landscape and the challenges involved in
conducting and interpreting research on decentralisation outcomes. This
is followed by a selective summary review of general empirical
literature on decentralisation outcomes, including forces underlying how
reform unfolds. A section that summarizes the experiences of four case
countries (Ethiopia, Indonesia, Philippines, Uganda) is next, followed
by a tentative synthetic assessment of the general and country case
literature reviews. The paper closes with some concluding comments.
Local Development International LLC. The Role of Decentralisation/Devolution in Improving Development Outcomes at the Local Level: Review of the Literature and Selected Cases. Local Development International LLC, Brooklyn, NY, USA (2013) iv + 90 pp.
The Role of Decentralisation/Devolution in Improving Development Outcomes at the Local Level: Review of the Literature and Selected Cases