Uganda faces continual challenges as a low-income nation reliant on international donors and non-state actors. It was also one of the first countries to face a population-wide HIV epidemic, a disease that can strain state capacity to its limits. One would expect that such a combination would weaken the governance structures in developing countries, yet, if anything, the Ugandan state has emerged from its HIV crisis with its legitimacy bolstered. This paper reviews the Ugandan response to HIV/AIDS, analyzing the ways the epidemic has provided a new arena for the Ugandan state to engage with international actors.
Development and Change, 36 (3), 571-590 pp. [DOI: 10.1111/j.0012-155X.2005.00424.x]