The Process of Empowerment.


The rationale of this study is twofold. Firstly, the investigation is in response to the concerns to seek alternate forms of development, which foster more inclusive and deliberate forms of citizen engagement. Participative grassroots initiatives, a live praxis, have a multiplier effect, leading people's movement towards inclusive and participative citizenship. Understanding the attempts at empowerment and thereby social change can contribute to the current concerns on alternative social practice from the rights and citizenship-based perspective.

The second rationale of the study is related to the need to undertake research on the practices within civil society organizations in order to explore the linkage between civil society organizations and adult learning. Some of the innovative educational work has occurred within civil society organizations. There is little research of these practices. These need to be the focus of research.

By focusing on the strategies for empowerment used within PRIA and other community organizations for the empowerment of the grassroots, this study aims to understand the potential of empowering spaces for citizen voice.


Synthesis Paper Series No. 1, New Delhi, India; PRIA, 37 pp.

The Process of Empowerment.

Published 1 January 2003