Five diets were formulated to investigate the effects of substituting wheat flour and soybean meal with various inclusion levels of seaweed (Gracilaria sp.) meal on the diet stability, performance and carcass composition of juvenile shrimp Penaeus monodon Fabricius. Gracilaria meal inclusion levels from 5% to 30% were tested against a control (0% seaweed) in isonitrogenous, isoenergetic diets fed for 60 days to quadruplicate groups of shrimp held in laboratory brackish water recirculation system
Diets containing Gracilaria meal at up to 10% inclusion had no significant effects on diet water stability (after 12 h), shrimp performance or carcass composition compared with the control diet lacking seaweed. Diets containing 0-15% Gracilaria meal remained >88% water stable after 12 h, shrimp specific growth rates (SGRs) were 7.9-8.0% wet body weight day-1. survival was 48-56%, food conversion ratios were 3.1-3.5, and final carcass lipid levels were 6.8-7.5%. The 30% inclusion levels of Gracilaria meal resulted in a significant deterioration in diet water stability (86% after 12 h), shrimp growth (SGR 7.3% wet body weight day-1) and carcass lipid level (4.1%). It is suggested that with the low cost and increasing availability of Gracilaria, it may be a suitable ingredient for low-level inclusion into formulated diets for shrimp culture. The possibility of using seaweed meals for this purpose is discussed with regard to diversifying the market for cultured seaweeds and enhancing the integration of seaweed culture into coastal aquaculture systems.
Briggs, M.R.P.; Funge-Smith, S.J. The potential use of Gracilaria sp. meal in diets for juvenile Penaeus monodon Fabricius. Aquaculture Research (1996) 27 (5) 345-354. [DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.1996.tb01261.x]