The case studies in this research reflect the evolution of participatory
approaches to become (albeit unevenly) part of the mainstream of
development policy. In all of them some form of community action is
thought right and necessary for the successful delivery of services.
Some of the emerging findings confirm critiques of over-functionalist
and mechanistic approaches to participation. In practice, some
'community-driven' development may be limited in impact because:
However, there are also examples of successes of community action; the
water user association that supplies, maintains and has plans to extend
the village water supply, the people living with HIV/AIDS who tirelessly
campaign to educate their neighbours and peers about the disease, the
badly resourced village health workers who positively facilitate access
to services for poor people. At the end of this research we hope to
suggest ways of supporting institutions to be more equitable, providing
ongoing facilitation to local development workers and recognising
manifestations of community action, even when this doesn't 'fit'
formal structures. Meanwhile, we present here some of our work in
progress in the form of discussion papers, pictures and text of the case
studies, in order to stimulate debate and, hopefully, to prompt
The possibilities for community driven development. A decentred analysis of participation. Bradford Centre for International Development, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK (2005) 12 pp.
The possibilities for community driven development. A decentred analysis of participation.