This paper presents a case study of how livestock policies are made and
implemented in a national context, and how they can be improved to
better serve the interests of the poor. Livestock are extremely
important in Ethiopia and could play a key role in pro-poor development
strategy. Livestock are estimated to contribute to the livelihoods of
60-70% of the Ethiopian population. There have been several negative
livestock-related trends over the past 20-30 years, however, including a
decline in: national and per capita production of livestock products,
official livestock and livestock product exports and earnings from
exports, and per capita consumption of food from livestock origin.
The study used the key informant method supplemented with official
documents, newspaper sources and recently published research on the
livestock sector. Interviews helped reveal policymakers' concerns,
whereas field trips allowed the researcher to talk to a farmers and
learn their perspectives.
The author concludes that a strategy aimed at significantly moving the
process forward and achieving pro-poor livestock and related policies
needs to be broad, both short term and long term, and politically
The recommended strategy consists of the following four components: *
Reaching early agreement on selected issues and activities, * Forging
strategic alliances and other links between key organizations *
Engaging in high-level country dialogue, and * strengthening relevant
civil society organizations.
A five page executive summary is also available in addition to this
PPLPI, FAO, Rome, Italy, xiii+59 pp.