This paper provides an historical overview of aid flows to North Africa. It assesses the aid allocation process and argues that past aid flows to the region have been heavily influenced by donor political interests. This has reduced the effectiveness of aid which, with the exception of Tunisia, has not been associated with sustained economic growth. The Arab Spring provides an opportunity to reappraise aid flows to North Africa and it is argued that future flows need to support the democratization process, generate pro-poor growth, support social safety nets and address the pressing issues of widening inequalities and unemployment.
Harrigan, J. The Political Economy of Aid Flows to North Africa. UNU-WIDER, Helsinki, Finland (2011) 38 pp. ISBN 978-92-9230-439-3 [WIDER Working Paper No. 2011/72]