A bacilliform virus from Dioscorea alata, designated Dioscorea alata bacilliform virus (DaBV), from Barbados and West Africa and from other Dioscorea spp. from West African, Carribean, Asian and South American countries, has been characterized. The virus was transmitted by the mealybug, Planococcus citri and by mechanical transmission of partially purified preparations to several Dioscorea spp. DaBV was serologically related to a distinct bacilliform virus from Dioscorea bulbifera, to one isolate of sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus and two isolates of banana streak badnavirus (BSV) but was not related to another isolate of BSV or to Kalanchoe top spotting or cacao swollen shoot badnaviruses. The coat protein of DaBV was about 56 kDa and the nucleic acid was double-stranded DNA of about 7.5 kbp, part of which showed distant homology with other badnaviruses. Thus, DaBV is a distinct hitherto uncharacterized badnavirus.
Phillips, S.; Briddon, R.W.; Brunt, A.A.; Hull, R. The Partial Characterization of a Badnavirus Infecting the Greater Asiatic or Water Yam (Dioscorea alata). Journal of Phytopathology (1999) 147 (5) 265-269. [DOI: 10.1046/j.1439-0434.1999.147005265.x]