The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) represent an unprecedented global consensus about measures to reduce poverty. The eight goals address targets to increase incomes; reduce hunger; achieve universal primary education; eliminate gender inequality; reduce maternal and child mortality; reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria; reverse the loss of natural resources and biodiversity; improve access to water, sanitation, and good housing; and establish effective global partnerships. Progress in some goals has been impressive; however, global targets will not be met in some regions, particularly sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia. As we approach the 2015 target date, there is considerable interest in assessment of the present goals and in consideration of the future of development goals after 2015.
Waage, J.; Banerji, R.; Campbell, O.; Chirwa, E.; Collender, G.; Dieltiens, V.; Dorward, A.; Godfrey-Faussett, P.; Hanvoravongchai, P.; Kingdon, G.; Little, A.; Mills, A.; Mulholland, K.; Mwinga, A.; North, A.; Patcharanarumol, W.; Poulton, C.; Tangcharoensathien, V.; Unterhalter, E. The Millennium Development Goals: a cross-sectoral analysis and principles for goal setting after 2015. Lancet (2010) 376 (9745) 991-1023. [DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61196-8]