This is the final report of the study into the magnitude and characteristics of road traffic injury on two low volume rural roads in Kilolo District, Tanzania. After providing the background to the study, the report details the study’s three data collection activities: traffic counts, household surveys and motorcycle driver surveys, and then discusses their findings and implications. The motorcycle driver survey identified a far greater magnitude of crashes than the household survey, with higher numbers of crashes and greater severity. 24% of motorcycle drivers had been involved in a crash in the past three months, while only 1% of all household members had been involved in a crash in the past three months, rising to over 5% among household heads. For crashes identified through the motorcycle driver survey, the number of days of normal activity missed as a result of the crash was double that of the crashes identified through the household survey. The characteristics of all crashes – both those identified through the household survey and those identified through the motorcycle driver survey – are similar: involving young men with motorcycles, no training and no licences. The most common contributory factors were related to road user behaviour, the design and condition of the road, and environmental conditions.
Bishop, T.; Malekela, G.; Matheka, D. The magnitude and characteristics of road traffic injury in Kilolo District, Tanzania - Final Report. AfCAP, Oxford, UK (2015) 43 pp.