The Social Cash Transfer (SCT) programme was launched in Mchinji
district in central Malawi in 2006 with the goal of providing regular
bi-monthly cash payments to ultra-poor, labour-constrained households.
The objectives of the programme include: reducing poverty, hunger and
starvation; increasing school enrolment and attendance; improving
health, nutrition, protection, and wellbeing of vulnerable children.
Operated by the Ministry of Gender, Children and Community Development,
as of August 2013, the programme reached approximately 30 000 households
in seven districts and is expected to serve 300 000 households by 2015.
Households enrolled in the SCT programme receive a bi-monthly allowance
of between US$ 2.30 and US$ 5.50 per month, depending on household size,
with the maximum given to households of four members or more. This basic
allowance is topped up by an additional monthly bonus of US$ 0.70 for
each child enrolled in primary school and US$ 1.40 for children enrolled
in secondary school. The SCT programme is implemented through the
District Social Welfare Offices and Community Social Support Committees
FAO. The Impacts of the Social Transfer Programme on Community Dynamics in Malawi. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy (2014) 2 pp.