In Kenya, exports of fresh vegetables have grown rapidly in the past decade, but the employment impact of this business has been changing as a result of market conditions in the major export destination, the United Kingdom. Continued rapid growth in overall exports, an increase in post-harvest processing, a switch from smallholder production to exporters' own plantations, and price shocks such as tariff changes and shifts in transport costs. A simulation exercise demonstrates that the positive impact on employment of continued export growth and increased post-harvest processing is much greater than any likely reduction in employment resulting from the shift away from smallholder production.
Journal of International Development (2004) 16 (1) 63-80 [DOI: 10.1002/jid.1063]
The impact of European market changes on employment in the Kenyan horticulture sector