This review aimed to bring together as much of the data as possible
pertaining to the impact of community animal health services. The data
was analysed for evidence that community animal health has an impact on
farmers in low-income countries. The quality of the data was scored and
recommendations for conducting impact assessments made.
Over 300 documents relating to community animal health services were
retrieved from databases, the internet, and organisations' bookshelves.
Thirty of these met the selection criteria developed for the review.
The quality of the design of the 30 studies was of varying quality and
the conclusions drawn by the authors did not always relate to the
evidence in the reports. Conclusions on the success and impact of
projects were often drawn on implemention indicators rather than on
impact indicators (e.g. livelihoods indicators). The quality of the ex
post assessments relies on the monitoring and evaluation that has been
on-going during the project cycle. However, all of the studies showed
that community animal health projects have positive benefits on poor
farmers and have especially high economic benefits.
Recommendations are made regarding the design of future impact
VETAID, Bush, UK, ISBN 0-9522299, 64 pp.
The impact of community animal health services on farmers in low-income countries: A literature review