The Gender and Social Dimensions to Livestock Keeping in Africa: Implications for Animal Health Interventions
GALVmed has commissioned this report to evaluate the role of gender in livestock in sub Saharan Africa as an initial step towards formulating its gender strategy and implementation plan. Women’s contribution is essential to successful livestock keeping because they already supply the majority of labor and expertise on small holder farms, and in the peri and urban setting. In pastoral communities, both men and women have well defined and essential livestock responsibilities. Intentional outreach to women with assets like information, vaccines and other supplies, training, and market linkages will improve production more than outreach to men alone, and is an opportunity to raise women’s social status and opportunities. Gender training with both men and women can increase women’s use of income from livestock enterprises, which is linked to improved family nutrition, health and welfare. In order to reach and benefit women livestock keepers, it is necessary for all programs and activities to include women’s empowerment as an explicit goal, with staff training, budget and accountability.
Although the African household is the place of production and consumption, assets like cash, food, tools, labor, and decision-making power are not shared equally. Therefore intra household analysis is necessary to ensure tha twomen as well as men get the tools they need, and can enjoy the benefits from their work.
Anon. The Gender and Social Dimensions to Livestock Keeping in Africa: Implications for Animal Health Interventions. (2011) 48 pp.