The linked Russian political-military initiative in Syria – with a bombing campaign from 30 September, support of Iranian-Hezbollah-Syrian military ground offensives, and convening of international conferences to try and secure the Assad regime – has changed the dynamics of the 56-month Syrian conflict. The effects of the intervention are significant, and are both country-specific, inside and outside Syria, and in the relationship between countries, communities, and systems. This report discusses the effects and implications for the conflict in the region.
Lucas, S. The effects of Russian intervention in the Syria crisis. Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2015) 20 pp.