The impacts of natural disasters and complex emergencies have been
increasing over recent decades, putting the humanitarian system under
considerable pressure. The costs of humanitarian crises are also growing
– not only do disasters and complex emergencies result in significant
economic losses, but they also require mobilization of large amounts of
humanitarian aid from the international community. According to a recent
study on funding streams for emergency response, aid from governments
reached US$12.4 billion in 2010, the highest figure on record. And yet,
despite a rhetoric that has called for reform for the past decade, only
4.2% of official humanitarian aid and 0.7% of non-humanitarian
development assistance was invested in disaster risk reduction between
2006 and 2010.
It is widely held that, broadly speaking, investment in early response
and/or building the resilience of communities to cope with risk in
disaster prone regions is more cost-effective than the ever-mounting
humanitarian response. Yet little solid data exists to support this
claim, and there is a clear need for a greater evidence base to support
reform. As a result, the UK Government commissioned an independent study
to contribute to filling these evidence gaps. The study was conducted in
two phases: the first in Kenya and Ethiopia in 2012; and the second in
Bangladesh, Mozambique, and Niger in 2013.
Anon. The Economics of Early Response and Resilience Series. Two page summary. (2013) 2 pp.
The Economics of Early Response and Resilience Series. Two page summary.