The Context of Informal Abortions in Rural Ghana.
Aims: This qualitative study explores the context of unsafe abortion in rural Ghana with the aim of identifying areas that should be considered when operationalizing abortion-related reproductive health strategies. Methods: Data come from eleven narratives about planned or attempted abortions and seven narratives of abortion-related deaths. These individual data are supplemented by data from ten focus group discussions. Results: Communities describe abortions as dangerous and, if they become public knowledge, shameful. Despite this, abortions were understood as necessary for some women in some situations, but secrecy was paramount. Women carefully chose their confidants based on the anticipated reaction and did so for advice about cheap and effective methods or for financial assistance. Complications were usually managed at home. When complications were taken to the health facility, the abortion was often not disclosed. Women reported trying sequential abortion methods, starting with cheaper milder methods and, if these attempts failed, resorting to harsher more expensive methods. Access to pharmaceuticals and finances also determined the method used. Financial hardship, interruption of education, and being unmarried were the most frequently cited reasons for abortions. Conclusions: Unsafe abortion is an important public health issue in Ghana. Current strategies to reduce abortion-related deaths include increasing the provision of safe abortion services. For the strategy to be successful, services should be accessible, affordable, and confidential, and discourse with communities and health workers to break the public silence about abortion is needed.
Journal of Women’s Health (2009) 18 (12) 2017-2022 [doi:10.1089/jwh.2008.1123]