This study set out to describe the burden of tuberculosis (TB), characteristics and outcomes among children treated in Cotonou from 2009 to 2011. It was a cross-sectional cohort study consisting of a retrospective record review of all children with TB aged
From 2009 to 2011, 182 children with TB were diagnosed and treated (4.5% of total cases), 153 (84%) by the NTP and 29 (16%) by the GH; the latter were not notified to the NTP. The incidence rate of notified TB cases was between 8 and 13 per 100 000 population, and was higher in children aged >5 years. Of 167 children tested, 29% were HIV-positive. Treatment success was 72% overall, with success rates of 86%, 62% and 74%, respectively, among sputum smear-positive, sputum smear-negative and extra-pulmonary patients. Treatment success rates were lower in children with sputum smear-negative TB (62%) and those with HIV infection (58%).
The study concluded that the number of children being treated for TB is low, and younger children in particular are under-diagnosed. There is a need to improve the diagnosis of childhood TB, especially among younger children, and to improve treatment outcomes among HIV-TB infected children, with better follow-up and monitoring.
Ade, S.; Harries, AD.; Trebucq, A.; Hinderaker, SG.; Ade, G.; Agodokpessi, G.; Affolabi, D.; Koumakpai, S.; Anagonou, S.; Gninafon, M. The burden and outcomes of childhood tuberculosis in Cotonou, Benin. Public Health Action (2013) 3 (1) 15-19. [DOI: 10.5588/pha.12.0055]