The great sleeping sickness epidemic that occurred in Busoga at the turn of the century was caused by a trypanosome identified by Bruce as Trypanosoma gambiense. A study of trypanosomes from the recent epidemic in southeast Uganda has shed new light on the origins of the disease in Busoga. Thorsten Koerner, Peter de Raadt and Ian Maudlin suggest that the epidemic of the turn of the century was of T. p. rhodesiense sleeping sickness, brought about then, as now by social upheaval.
Koerner, T.; Maudlin, I.; de Raadt, P. The 1901 uganda sleeping sickness epidemic revisited: A case of mistaken identity? Parasitology Today (1995) 11 (8) 303-306. [DOI: 10.1016/0169-4758(95)80046-8]