Teacher Motivation in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Researching the Issues 71


This report synthesises the main findings and recommendations of an international research project on teacher motivation and incentives in sub-Sahara Africa and South Asia. It is based on the findings and recommendations of national case studies in the two poorest regions of the world, namely sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, where the greatest challenges remain with regard to EFA. A total of 12 country studies were undertaken in the following countries:
Sub-Saharan Africa: Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, and Zambia
South Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan

Following the introductory chapter, Chapter 2 summarises relevant motivation theories and then reviews the available evidence on teacher motivation. The research design and data collection methodology are described in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 then summarises the evidence from the country case studies with respect to levels, trends and patterns in teacher motivation. The main reasons for low teacher motivation are examined in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 then reviews the evidence concerning the impact of low motivation on teacher deployment, behaviour and performance. The final chapter summarises the key recommendations of the country studies about what should be done to improve levels of teacher job satisfaction and motivation.


Educational Paper No. 71, DFID, London, UK, ISBN 1 86192 873 4, 92 pp.

Teacher Motivation in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Researching the Issues 71

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