Evidence from the research literature on teacher motivation issues in
Nigeria, relevant documents, and the views of key stakeholders suggest
there is a teacher motivation crisis among primary school teachers in
Nigeria. No school system can be higher in quality than the level of
motivation and job commitment of teachers within the system. The
Nigerian educational system appears to be staffed by teachers with poor
morale and low levels of commitment to their work.
In terms of job context, job content and reward system for teachers,
there is a kind of systematic motivation crises within the Nigerian
Educational System. School buildings are largely dilapidated, schools
are over crowded, and reward systems in terms of salaries and emoluments
appear largely unsatisfactory. Improvements in recent years are not deep
enough to record satisfactory improvement in teachers' morale.
Nevertheless, this study discovered a consistent trend to improve the
job morale of Nigerian teachers especially in advent of democratic
government in 1999. Development outside the school system, such as the
increasing trend of globalisation, the tendency towards the
information-driven economy, the increased tempo of private sector
participation in education, and the improved federal funding of
education have all contributed to an appreciable improvement in
teacher's morale and commitment to work. If this trend continues before
long, teachers' motivation in Nigeria will witness significant and
DFID, London, UK, iv + 24 pp.
Teacher motivation and incentives in Nigeria