Policy-induced barriers to trade (e.g. tariffs, control of commodity and
foreign exchange markets, quantitative trade restrictions, etc.), which
have substantially reduced in case of Uganda, are but one of many
constraining factors to the country's export and import trade. The
current analysis intends to look at the relative effects of trade policy
reforms (e.g. reduction in tariffs) and non-policy barriers (e.g.
transport costs) on the Ugandan trade sector.
Following an introduction, the paper is organized as follows. Section 2
gives an overview of dynamics in the Uganda's trade structure over the
last decade. Section 3 spells out the analytical framework while
sections 4 and 5 provide and discuss effective rate of protection (ERP)
estimates relating to tariffs and transport costs respectively.
Transport costs and export competitiveness is provided in Section 6.
Policy implications and concluding remarks are provided in Sections 7
and 8 respectively.
Tariff and overland transport barriers to Uganda’s Trade, Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC), Kampala, Uganda, i + 39 pp.