In the following report, the empirical findings of 18 projects undertaken within the DFID/MRAG Fisheries Management Science Programme (FMSP) are reviewed with reference to the wider framework provided by current theory and management practice on Common Pool Resources (CPR). There are three main sections: First, the main theoretical and empirical themes in the CPR study domain are outlined. Second, the key empirical findings from the FMSP projects are presented in relation to current knowledge on CPR. Third, the major issues and themes are then synthesised and summarised. The review concludes by discussing the significance of the overall findings to best practice and future research in the area of CPR (fisheries) management. The information derived from the review will be used by the current project as a basis for the future development of a series of four key sheets ('Incorporating CPR issues into fisheries management in developing countries: key issues and best practice') for distribution to international and national policy-makers and their advisers.