Synthesis and Structure-activity Relationships of Varied Ether Linker Analogues of the Anti-tubercular Drug (6S)-2-Nitro-6-{[4-(trifluoromethoxy)benzyl]oxy}- 6,7-dihydro-5H-imidazo[2,1-b][1,3]oxazine (PA-824)

Abstract

New analogues of antitubercular drug PA-824 were synthesized, featuring alternative side chain ether linkers of varying size and flexibility, seeking drug candidates with enhanced metabolic stability and high efficacy. Both a-methyl substitution and removal of the benzylic methylene were broadly tolerated in vitro, with a biaryl example of the latter class exhibiting an 8-fold better efficacy than the parent drug in a mouse model of acute Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and negligible fragmentation to an alcohol metabolite in liver microsomes. Extended linkers (notably propenyloxy, propynyloxy and pentynyloxy) provided greater potencies against replicating M. tb (monoaryl analogues), with propynyl ethers most effective under anaerobic (nonreplicating) conditions (mono/biaryl analogues). For benzyloxybenzyl and biaryl derivatives, aerobic activity was maximal with the original (OCH2) linker. One propynyloxy-linked compound displayed an 89-fold higher efficacy than the parent drug in the acute model, and was slightly superior to antitubercular drug OPC-67683 in a chronic infection model.

Citation

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. Published online 16 August 2011. [DOI: 10.1021/jm200377r]

Synthesis and Structure-activity Relationships of Varied Ether Linker Analogues of the Anti-tubercular Drug (6S)-2-Nitro-6-{[4-(trifluoromethoxy)benzyl]oxy}- 6,7-dihydro-5H-imidazo[2,1-b][1,3]oxazine (PA-824)

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