Sustainable Integrated Management of Whiteflies as Pests and Vectors of Plant Viruses in the Tropics Sub-Project 4 (SP4): Andes subproject. Final Technical Report.
This project sought to establish technological means for (1) reducing levels of pesticide use by bean farmers, (2) reducing health risks to farmers and consumers, and (3) reestablishing the ecological equilibrium by developing integrated management systems in areas that have been disturbed by excessive pesticide use. Major activities included monitoring of whitefly populations, monitoring of whitefly natural enemies, testing of non-chemical alternatives for whitefly control, development and refinement of a simplified action threshold for whitefly control, development of a sampling method for whitefly populations, monitoring of insecticide resistance levels, and testing in farmers fields of different alternatives for management of whiteflies in snap bean and dry beans
Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), 14 pp.