The number of forcibly displaced persons worldwide is expected to grow
owing to the likely impact of climate change and to growing tensions
among ever-larger populations competing for limited resources (IPCC,
2014). The humanitarian response should be able to expand its resources
and to increase its preparedness for facing the growing challenges that
will emerge. Reducing operational costs will become increasingly
important. At the same time, the struggle to continuously improve the
quality of life for affected people and to mitigate the harmful impact
of humanitarian settings on host communities and countries remains a
Focusing on energy services has the potential to help achieve these
goals, by meeting the needs of humanitarian operators in a more
efficient and cost-effective way and by offering greater access to
energy opportunities for beneficiaries.
Some steps are being taken – energy issues are now more often and more
consistently included in projects and programmes – but there are still
gaps to be addressed. The SE4All initiative and the SDG framework
discussions are bringing greater focus on energy access; and in view of
the 2016 Humanitarian Summit, there is potentially an opportunity to
move the agenda forward.
This report attempts to examine the factors that are inhibiting
system-wide changes and the diffused uptake of sustainable energy
solutions. The methodology of this study is outlined in Chapter 2.
Chapter 3 explores the network of actors and initiatives present on the
scene, and looks at their principal motives to action and efforts to
date. This exercise reveals that a comprehensive approach to cover
energy needs in humanitarian response is still some distance away and
indicates where more attention could be devoted. Examples of projects on
the ground are then employed in Chapter 4 to expose weaknesses affecting
the sector, while promising and particularly innovative models are also
highlighted. Chapter 5 seeks to identify underlying mechanisms causing
the challenges encountered in the case studies. Findings are then
discussed in the conclusions presented in Chapter 6.
Bellanca, R. Sustainable energy provision among displaced populations: policy and practice. The Royal Institute of International Affairs, Chatham House, London, UK (2014) 59 pp.
Sustainable energy provision among displaced populations: policy and practice