This report provides key results from the survey of the border crossing
time of the trucks as they cross Nepal-India border in Bhairahawa and
arrive at Nagdhunga (Kathmandu). The survey took place from October 8,
2013 in Belahiya (in Bhairahawa, Nepal)-Sunauli (in India) and was
conducted for three working days.
We found that the presence of border (both at Indian side and Nepal
side) delays the transportation time by 3 hours, 10 minutes (190
minutes). This delay estimate includes the total of times spent
processing all paper works in Indian custom and Nepalese custom yard. If
one assumes that the clearing time for vehicles arriving from Indian
custom offices are independent of clearing time in custom yard in Nepal,
then the standard deviation for the border crossing time is 1 hour, 41
minutes(i.e. 101 minutes). The average delay during our survey carried
out in June was 4 hours 32 minutes (240 minutes) and corresponding
standard deviation was 124.16 minutes (2 hours, 4 minutes). During our
current survey period, the trucks on average took 14 hours 10 minutes
(with standard deviation being 5 hours, 23 minutes). The corresponding
number in June was 44 hours 4 minutes (standard deviation: 40 hours 20
minutes). The surprising difference can be attributed to less data
points this time, which biased data in favour of fast arriving vehicles.
One striking fact from our study is the relationship of the total time
spent by trucks inside custom yard and the time spent doing actual
custom related work. If we sum the average time for initial
verification, inspection, bank payment and transloading, it turns out to
be about 183 minutes. The average time spent by a truck inside the
custom yard is actually 166 minutes (when calculated using total time
inside yard for all trucks). This should not come as a surprise as many
trucks either parallelly transload the goods or do not transload at all.
The corresponding numbers for June survey were 235.5 minutes and 240
minutes. When compared to Birgunj, where almost 75% of the total time
inside custom yard is spent doing nothing, Bhairahawa’s custom seems to
be working quite efficiently.
This report has been produced for Evidence on Demand with the assistance
of the UK Department for International Development (DFID) contracted
through the Climate, Environment, Infrastructure and Livelihoods
Professional Evidence and Applied Knowledge Services (CEIL PEAKS)
programme, jointly managed by DAI (which incorporates HTSPE Limited) and
IMC Worldwide Limited.
Anon. Survey of the Kathmandu Bhairahawa Corridor: October 2013. Evidence on Demand, UK (2013) iv + 29 pp. [DOI: 10.12774/eod_cr.october2013.poudel3]