When political leaders are subject to few checks and balances in poor countries, they have the incentives and opportunities to distort elections through fraud and violence. The result is often poor economic policy, voter apathy, the entrenchment of vote rigging behaviour, divisive ethnic politics and, in some cases, electoral violence. iiG research shows that carefully constructed interventions can reduce violence, increase voter turnout, and limit the effectiveness of vote buying. Policy recommendations are made in this briefing.
iiG Briefing Paper 09, CSAE Economics Department, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, 3 pp