There is growing recognition of the critical role of evaluations to
generate relevant information to guide the decisions and actions of
policy makers and project managers. Yet, there is poor understanding of
the demand and supply of evaluations in many African countries. This
study seeks to bridge this knowledge gap by generating deeper insights
on the demand and supply of evaluations in Ghana, as one of the five
country cases conducted by the regional Centre for Learning on
Evaluation and Results for Anglophone Africa (CLEAR AA). Ghana was
selected based on an assessment as having a high potential to develop
The objectives of the study were to understand the conditions under
which demand is generated for evaluation evidence and the areas in which
evaluation supply can be strengthened to meet and foster this demand. To
achieve these objectives assessments were undertaken of: (a) the
development context for evaluations in Ghana; (b) the demand for
evaluation; (c) the various entities supplying evaluations and their
capacities; (d) the areas in which supply can be strengthened to meet
and foster this demand; and (e) pathways to develop evaluation
capacities both on the demand and supply side, involving government,
civil society, Parliament and voluntary organisations for professional
This study was carried out through a combination of desk review,
including an analysis of existing evaluation products, and direct
semi-structured interviews with a selection of key informants from
across critical stakeholder groupings.
Key findings include the following: (a) practically all of the
evaluation work done in Ghana so far has been development partner led,
with little involvement of Ghanaian organisations and professionals; (b)
the demand and supply of evaluations is greatly influenced by the
socio-political context; (c) there is an enabling environment for
evaluation capacity development in Ghana, given its deepening democratic
culture as well as an emerging vibrant VOPE.
Based on the findings, the possible areas of interventions include: (a)
using the Joint Assessment for Strengthening Monitoring and Evaluation
and Statistics (JASMES) as a platform for evaluation capacity
development; (b) supporting the development of evaluation policy in
Ghana; and (c) supporting the capacity development of Parliament to
demand evaluations as part of their mandate.
The paper also recommends that whatever actions are to be taken, it is
important that the political economy of the country is taken into
consideration. The key argument here is that the development of
monitoring and evaluation must be rooted in the sociocultural context of
the Ghanaian people. As noted by Levi (2011) and Leftwich (2006), the
way forward in promoting effective monitoring and evaluation, and for
that matter, development is to focus on an approach that is best suited
to the local social and political context.
Adams, S.; Amoatey, C.; Taabazuing, J.; Feinstein, O. Study on the demand for and supply of evaluation in Ghana. Centre for Learning on Evaluation and Results Anglophone Africa (CLEAR-AA), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa (2013) vi + 35 pp.
Study on the demand for and supply of evaluation in Ghana.