India’s agricultural sector has undergone considerable transformation over the past 6 decades. The elements of agricultural transformation can be seen in the form of reduction in the contribution of agriculture to national income, a decline in the share of labour, a reduction in rural poverty, and malnutrition. These changes have occurred alongside the increase in the production of foodgrains, diversification from the cultivation of cereals to high-value products, emergence of new marketing opportunities, and linkages with the non-farm sector and active land markets. However, these changes are not pervasive and there exists considerable
variations across states. Some states such as Punjab and Haryana took advantage of their rich natural resource conditions to increase agricultural productivity and farm income through the adoption of yield-improving technology. A favourable technical, institutional and political environments have also enabled these states to achieve a higher growth trajectory in agriculture.
This report has been commissioned by the South Asia Research Hub of the UK Department for International Development
Pohit, Sanjib & Bandhyopadhyay, saurabh & Elumalai, R. & Singh, R.K.P. & Sayal, Lavanya. (2018). Study on Agricultural Diagnostics for the State of Bihar in India: Inception Report
Published 1 December 2018