This study presents results of a census of non-state schools in two low-income areas of Maputo, Mozambique. Non-state schools include purely private, community, and church mission-supported schools some of which receive government support in the form of deployment of civil service teachers.
The study finds that the only notable growth of the private sector is at the pre-primary level, where 13% of schools have opened in 2015. This growth at the pre-primary level indicates a clear demand that is currently entirely unserved by the government sector.
The study finds that the pre-primary sector is arguably the most suitable sub-sector for investment through public-private partnership, and possibly at the secondary level also, but that support to parents’ purchasing power would be necessary to boost effective demand. It appears that expansion of fee-free government provision would be most equitable in light of the realities for low-income families in Maputo. However failing this, providing that fee payments are subsidised, non-state provision could help to expand access to the crucial pre-primary level more quickly and possibly also at the secondary level.
Härmä, J. Study of non-state provision of education in Maputo. (2016) 30 pp.