China has experienced rapid economic growth in recent years and this looks set to continue with predictions that it will become the world’s largest exporter by 2010 and the second largest economy by 2020. While there has been extensive discussion of the impact of China’s growth on the world economy, very little attention has been given to the implications of this for poverty reduction in other developing countries and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. This study is a first attempt to fill this gap.
The main contribution of the paper is to provide a framework within which the impacts of China’s economic expansion on poverty in other developing countries can be analysed. It then applies this framework to eighteen countries, six in Asia (Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Pakistan and Vietnam), six in Africa (Cameroon, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda) and six in Latin America (Bolivia, Brazil, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua and Peru), which between them account for a major share of poor people, defined as those living on less than US$2 a day, in their respective regions.
Jenkins, R.; Edwards, C. Study of Impact of China’s Growth and Trade Liberalisation on International Poverty Reduction in Asia, Africa and Latin America. (2004) 72 pp.